Greater transparency and accountability in the health sector and Global Fund Programmes would reduce the risk and help prevent embezzlement and fraud at the same time increasing performance of Global Fund investments and the health sector broadly. Thus, transparency and accountability initiatives have to include a part of strengthening national health system to deliver quality services.
Transparency refers to the sharing information and acting in an open manner. Processes, institutions, and information are directly accessible to those concerned with them, and enough information is provided to understand and monitor them. (UNDP 1997).
Accountability refers to the refers to the act of holding public officials/service providers answerable for processes and outcomes and imposing sanctions if specified outputs and outcomes are not delivered . The result of the process which ensures that health actors take responsibility of what they are obliged to do and are made answerable for their actions (WHO, 2011).
Additional guidance, tools on strengthening systems for Health can be found here;