A gender assessment of HIV, TB and malaria is another critical step towards developing national responses that address gender inequality, harmful gender norms and gender-based violence.
A gender assessment is a consultative, multi-stakeholder process that aims to analyse and understand the national context for HIV, TB and malaria from a gender perspective. It looks at laws, policies, practices, socio-economic, cultural and political factors to consider issues of gender inequality, harmful gender norms and gender-based violence and how they increase people’s vulnerability to HIV, TB and malaria.
It also considers how these human rights issues block access to prevention, treatment, care and support services and the ways in which laws, policies, plans and programmes have and can respond to promote gender equality.
Finally, it looks at ways in which to address gender inequality, harmful gender norms and gender-based violence in comprehensive prevention, treatment, care and support programmes for HIV, TB and malaria. It provides a gateway to the development of a gender-transformative national response with participation of key populations, priority interventions and advocacy objectives.