How can this resource help you address critical enablers?

How can this resource help you address critical enablers?

Addressing critical enablers in national responses to HIV, TB and malaria - during the development and review of national strategic plans and investment cases; the development of Global Fund funding requests and the implementation and evaluation of Global Fund programmes, capacity strengthening, advocacy and action planning - requires:

  • Understanding the links between human rights, gender equality and HIV, TB and malaria
  • Identifying human rights barriers and how they affect HIV, TB and malaria programmes, including for key populations, within the country
  • Developing rights-based and gender-sensitive interventions within a funding request, strategy or plan
  • Strengthening legal and policy frameworks for HIV, TB and malaria
  • Promoting the meaningful participation of all affected populations.

This section of the Toolkit is designed to help partners to address these critical enablers. It provides introductory information on critical enablers for those developing HIV, TB and malaria funding requests and plans, to explain: 

  • What the critical enablers of human rights, gender equality and strengthened legal and policy environments are
  • Why they are important for effective responses to HIV, TB and malaria
  • The link between critical enablers and key populations at risk of HIV, TB and malaria, and
  • How critical enablers reduce vulnerability and increase access to health care for HIV, TB and malaria.

Youth HIV Workers helping to reduce stigma and discrimination

It also provides guidance, case studies, examples, lessons learned, research and links to various resources to support partners to go on to undertake assessments and use country dialogues and consultations to identify the human rights barriers faced by HIV, TB and malaria, including for key populations, and to respond accordingly, including through developing interventions and activities within a strategy, plan or funding request, which:

  • Analyse the legal and policy framework (including human rights, gender equality, laws & policies, access to justice and law enforcement) in the context of HIV, TB and malaria
  • Review and strengthen laws, policies, programmes and plans to protect and promote human rights and gender equality for all affected populations
  • Reduce stigma and discrimination towards people living with and affected by, and key populations at risk of HIV, TB and malaria
  • Promote legal literacy to educate communities and populations about human rights, gender equality and protections in law and policy for their rights in the context of HIV, TB and malaria
  • Strengthen legal support services to increase access to legal information, advice and support and redress for violations, including through litigation and other mechanisms
  • Provide training for health care workers to prevent stigma, discrimination and human rights violations during the delivery of HIV, TB and malaria services
  • Develop capacity strengthening interventions for civil society organizations to strengthen the awareness and understanding of human rights, gender equality, key populations and HIV, TB and malaria and their ability to respond through advocacy, monitoring & documentation of human rights violations and provision of legal support
  • Conduct sensitization and capacity strengthening for law and policy makers, judges, national human rights institutions, lawyers and police officers
  • Develop activities to reduce gender inequality, harmful gender norms and gender-based violence
  • Conduct research and monitoring of human rights issues and violations and progress towards creating protective, enabling frameworks, and
  • Develop advocacy and action plans to address law, human rights and gender equality issues through strategies such as law review and reform, strategic litigation and integration of rights-based responses in national responses to HIV, TB and malaria.

For more information on understanding and addressing human rights, gender equality and strengthening enabling legal and policy frameworks for HIV, TB and malaria, please see:

Guidance: Addressing critical enablers in Global Fund funding requests

The Global Fund’s Applicant Handbook provides detailed guidance on the Global Fund funding request process, including the development and review of national strategies and the role and importance of a participatory country dialogue that includes key populations, to develop a funding request that addresses critical enablers. It also provides information on the various forms of technical assistance and financial support available to address human rights and gender equality during the various steps in the process.

The Global Fund has set aside additional “catalytic funds” to incentivize countries to allocate sufficient funding for priority programs – such as programs to address critical enablers within its funding requests. 

Critical Enablers